Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Jaguar 1968-74 Drive Axles Repair Manual


  • XJ6 (1969-74)
  • XJ12 (1973-74)
  • XKE 4.2 Liter (1968-71)
  • XKE V12 (1971-74)
Rear axles are hypoid design with center line of pinion set below centerline of ring gear, Jaguar uses, as standard equipment on XKE models and optional equipment on XJ models, a traction lock or "Powr-Lok" differential which utilizes, clutch discs and plates. All differential adjustments are performed  using shims. As independent rear suspension is utilized on all models, stub axles are used for drive output. These stub axles require a shim adjustment also. A collapsible spacer is used on drive pinion shaft.
Jaguar uses only one basic rear axle design, however, unit may or may not be fitted with a traction lock device. Also several different axle ratios are used. To determine axle ratio divide number of ring gear teeth by number of pinion gear teeth. Whether or not axle is fitted with traction lock should be determine by owner inquiry or not.

Rear Suspension Assembly
NOTE - This procedure is provide since may operation on the final drive require removal of rear suspension assembly before starting work or final drive.
1) Raise and support vehicle. Place stands forward of radius arms on body with wood blocks between body and stands. Remove wheels. Remove mufflers from tail pipes. Remove safety wire and bolts securing safety strap to body. Remove radius arm securing bolt, safety strap and radius arm from body mounting post. Disconnect and plug brake lines of body.
2) Remove clevis pin securing hand brake cable to actuating levers on crossmember. Loosen lock nut and remove outer hand brake cable screw from adjuster block. Detach drive shaft from differential. Place jack under rear suspension. Remove bolts and lock nuts securing crossmember mounts to frame. Lower and remove rear suspension from vehicle. To install, reverse removal procedure and note the following: Bleed brakes. Tighten radius arm nuts on lower control arm when weight of vehicle is on wheels.

1) Remove rear suspension assembly. Remove rear hub as follows: Remove fulcrum shaft grease fitting. Withdraw cotter pin and remove nut and washers from splined end of half shaft. Using suitable puller, pull hub and carrier from half shaft. Remove spacer from half shaft and examine inner oil seal track. Replace track if necessary. Remove one nut from outer suspension arm fulcrum shaft and using soft hammer, drift out shaft. Remove hub and carrier assembly from car.
2) Support suspension arm with jack and remove nut and bolt securing top of forward shock absorber. Remove nuts and washer securing shock absorber to suspension arm and remove shock. Remove four nuts securing half shaft flange to stub axle flange and brake rotor. Pull half shaft from suspension unit noting number of camber shims installed between half shaft flange and brake rotor. If necessary, remove joint shields by drilling out rivets.
3) To install, reverse removal procedure, noting the following: If necessary, replace joint shield, positioning grease nipple access hole correctly. Cover joint lines in shield with non-hardening waterproof sealing compound. Be sure to replace camber shims. To reinstall rear hub, proceed as follows: Install suitable dummy shaft (JD.14) in hub carrier fulcrum. Install carrier and suspension arm. Replace outer suspension arm fulcrum shaft, displacing dummy shaft. Secure shaft with nut and reinstall grease nipple.
4) If necessary, install oil seal track to half shaft splined flange, replace spacer. Thoroughly clean and de-grease splines of half shaft and bore of hub. Using a small brush, sparingly apply Lactite "Stud Lock" to outer two thirds of half shaft splines. Assemble hub carrier to half shaft. Install washer and tighten hub carrier assembly nut. Install new  cotter pin. Install dial indicator so it bears against hub and zero indicator. Using two levers, pry out on hub and measur hub bearing endfloat. If endfloat exceeds specifications, overhaul rear hub and carrier assembly. After installation of rear suspension in vehicle, check rear wheel camber.

1) Remove half shaft. Remove locking wire and withdraw bolts securing brake caliper to final drive unit. Remove brake rotor, noting number of shims removed between rotor and stub axle flange. Remove lock wire and five bolts securing caliper mounting bracket. Withdraw drive shaft, together with caliper mounting shims, ball bearing and oil seal. Turn down tab washer and remove nut from stub axle. Remove ball bearing and caliper mounting bracket stub axle.
2) Lightly oil new seal and position carefully in final drive case. Press seal squarely and fully seat in case groove. Do NOT remove protruding portion of seal. Coat seal with hypoid oil and place caliper mounting bracket and seal assembly over stub axle. Slide ball bearing on drive shaft followed by new tab washer and nut. Ensure bearing seats square to stub axle shoulder and tighten nut. Turn up tab on washer.
3) Lightly oil stub axle splines and install shaft in final drive housing. Install bolts securing mounting bracket finger tight. Using feeler gauges, measure dimension between inside face of mounting bracket and final drive housing. The measurement obtained determines shim thickness required. Remove stub axle and select shims of required thickness, and thinly coat mating faces and shims with suitable sealant (Hylomar). Tighten bolts in a diagonal sequence.
4) Wire lock securing bolts to tension in clockwise direction. Install brake rotors and half shaft flange, using shims removed from between rotor and flange. Install caliper on mounting bracket. Install suitable distance spacers (oversize nuts) to rotor studs and tighten nuts. Use feeler gauge to ensure that rotor is centrally located between jaws of caliper. If necessary add to or remove from shim pack between flange and disc to center rotor. Continue assembly in reverse of disassembly procedure.

1) Disconnect propeller shaft. Check and record torque required to turn drive shaft falnge clockwise (viewed from front) through backlash movement. Chock rear wheels and remove flange securing nut and washer. Remove flange. Pry oil seal out of final drive case. Lightly score oil seal recess with tang of file.
2) Ensure oil seal recess is clean and free of oil. Lightly top new oil seal into recess ensuring seal is square with case. Reinstall falnge, washer and nut. Tighten nut to 120 ft. lbs. (16.5 mkg) while rotating flange to ensure bearing seats correctly. Again check pinion preload. If preload is below specifications, continue tightening flange nut until specified preload is obtained. However, if preload exceeds maximum specified value, new collapsible spacer must be installed, see differential overhaul. Reconnect shaft and remove wheel chocks.

1) Remove rear suspension assembly and drain final drive unit. Remove final drive mounting plate and shock absorber/spring units. Remove nuts securing half shaft inner universal joint to brake rotor and disconnect half shaft, noting shims removed. Remove nut from inner suspension arm fulcrum shaft and drift out shaft. Repeat for other side of unit. Disconnect and plug brake lines. Disconnect hand brake levers from compensator.
2) Remove locking wire from final drive mouting bolts, remove bolts and crossmember by tilting forward over pinion. Remove calipers from final drive unit. Remove brake rotors, noting number of shims removed from between rotor and stub axle flange. To install, reverse removal procedure making sure brake rotor is centered between jaws of caliper and wire lock tension bolts in clockwise direction.

1) Remove rear cover and discard gasket. Remove lock wire and bolts securing caliper mounting braket. Withdraw stub axle along with caliper mounting bracket shims, ball bearing and oil seal. Turn down tab washer and remove nut, ball bearing and caliper mounting bracket from stub axle. Repeat procedure for second stub axle. Remove bolts securing differential bearing caps and lift off caps. Pry out differential assembly using two levers and taking care not to damage housing.
2) Remove drive pinion nut and washer. Mark relative positions of flange and pinion and remove flange. Using a suitable press, remove pinion from differential housing. Remove oil seal, oil thrower and outer bearing cone. Examine inner and outer bearing cups for wear. If replacement is required, extract cups, using suitable tools (SL 14 and SL 14/1). NOTE - If removal of bearing cups is difficult, gently heat final drive housing in rear of bearing cups. On "Powr-Lok" differentials only, proceed as follows.
3) Remove differential side beaings using suitable tools (SL. 14 & 14/3). If no reference marks are present, scribe a line across both halves of differential case to ensure correct reassembly. Remove bolts securing bolts halves of differential case. Split case and remove clutch discs and plates from one side. Remove differential side ring, pinion side gear and pinion cross shafts complete with gears. Remove remainin side gear and ring and extract remaining clutch discs and plates.
4) On non "Powr-Lok" differentials only, remove peening and drift pinion shaft lock pin out of carrier. Remove gears, shaft and shims from carrier.

Case Assembly - 1) On "Powr-Lok" differentials, install clutch plates and discs alternately into flange half of case. Install two belleville clutch plates so that convex sides are against case. Install side ring and position one side gear into ring recess. Install cross shafts. Install pinion cross shafts complete with pinion gears ensuring that ramps on shafts coincide with mating ramps in case.
2) Assemble differential case halves ensuring that reference marks are lined up and clutch friction plate tongues are aligned with grooves in differential case. Install bolts but do not tighten yet. Check alignment of splines by inserting both stub axles. Tighten differential case bolts with stub axles in position. With one stub axle locked,  other axle must not turn more than .75" (.19 mm) measured on a 6" (152 mm) radius.
3) On non "Powr-Lok" differentials, install pinion shaft, shims and gears into differential carrier. Secure lock pin by peening.
Side Bearing Preload - Install differential side bearings, without shims, on differential case, making sure that bearings and housing are perfectly clean. Place differential assembly in housing. Install dial indicator with indicator leg against back face of ring gear. Using suitable pry bars between housing and bearing cups, move differential assembly fully to one side of housing. Zero dial indicator and move assembly ot other side. Record indicator reading and add .009" (.20 mm) to reading to give total shim pack required. Remove differential assembly from housing.
Drive Pinion Depth - 1) Place pinion, together with inner bearing cone, into housing. Turn housing over and support pinion. Install pinion outer bearing cone, flange, washer and nut, omitting collapsible spacer, oil slinger and oil seal, tighten nut. Using suitable dial indicator support fixture (SL3) zero dial indicator on setting block (4.H.A.). Place dial indicator fixture firmly on face of pinion and note dial indicator reading to bottom of housing bearing bore (see illustration).
2) The indicator reading shows deviation of pinion setting from zero cone setting. This value should agree with value etched on face of pinion at bottom. For example, if value etched on pinion is -2, dial indicator should read - .002". If setting is incorrect, dismantle pinion and remove pinion inner bearing cup. Add or remove shims as required, reassemble and recheck pinion depth.
3) When setting is correct, extract pinion from housing sufficiently far to remove outer bearing cone. Install collapsible spacer to pinion ensuring that it seats firmly on machined shoulder of pinion. Insert pinion into housing, install outer bearing cone, oil slinger and oil seal. Lightly grease splines of pinion shaft and install flange. Install new washer on end of pinion with convex side facing end of shaft. Install but DO NOT tighten nut.
Backlash Adjustment - 1) Place differential assembly, complete with side bearings but less shims, in housing. Ensure that bearings and housing are perfectly clean. Install dial indicator on housing with feeler on back face of ring gear. Pry differential case and ring gear assembly away from pinion until opposite side bearing is seated against housing. Zero dial indicator at this point.
2) Move differential assembly towards pinion until ring gear is deeply meshed with pinion. Note indicator reading and from this value, subtract the backlash allowance etched on drive gear (eg. B/L.007 denotes .007"). This result will yield the thickness of shims (in inches) to be placed between differential case and side bearing on ring gear side of differential. Install this thickness of shims, taking shims from pack determined previously under "Side Bearing Preload". Install balance of total shims required on opposite side of case. An example of calculations required as follows
     Side Bearing Preload Reading...........................   .080"
     PLUS Preload Value........................................   .009"
     Total Shim Pack.............................................   .089"

     Pinion-to-Ring Gear Clearance..........................  .042"
     MINUS Etched Backlash Value.........................  .007"
     Total Ring Gear Side Shims..............................  .035"

     Total Shim Pack..............................................  .089"
     MINUS Ring Gear Side Shims..........................  .035"
     Opposite Ring Gear Shim Pack.........................  .050"
3) With shims calculated installed, lower differential assembly into position, lightly tapping bearing home with soft hammer. Make sure ring and pinion gears mesh as installation proceeds. Install side bearing cap bolts. Mount dial indicator on housing with feeler against back face of ring gear. Turn pinion by hand and check ring gear run out. If run out exceeds specifications, disassemble differential, clean all mounting surface and check for burrs.
4) Now place dial indicator to measure ring gear backlash. Move ring gear and check that backlash is to specification etched on ring gear. If backlash is not to specifications, transfer necessary shims from side of differential case to the other NOTE - To increase backlash, remove shims from ring gear side and install on opposite side and visa versa. Finally, run a gear tooth contact pattern and adjust shims as necessary.
Pinion Bearing Preload - Install pinion and stub axle oil seals. Install stub axles following procedure give under stub axle removal and installation. Tighten flange to ensure correct seating of taper roller bearings. Use care not to overtighten nut. If not is overtighten, install a new collapsible spacer as pinion bearing preload will otherwise be incorrect. Install final drive rear cover using new gasket and suitable sealer (Hylomar).